Beware of Vitamin D Deficiency from Now - Medic Quotes
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Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Beware of Vitamin D Deficiency from Now

Vitamin D deficiency is often difficult to detect because the symptoms are not specific. In fact, a lack of vitamin D can increase the risk of bone problems, such as rickets and osteoporosis, and weakening the immune system.
Based on nutritional needs number recommendations from the Ministry of Health, vitamin D needs to be consumed as much as 15 micrograms (mcg) per day by children, adolescents, and adults up to age 65 years. Whereas for the elderly over the age of 65 years, the recommended dose of vitamin D is 20 mcg per day.

Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency or vitamin D deficiency is a condition where the body does not get enough vitamin intake. This can happen because you consume fewer food sources of vitamin D or are rarely exposed to sunlight.

In addition, there are several conditions that can also cause a person to experience vitamin D deficiency, namely:

  • Suffering from a disorder or disease that can inhibit the absorption of vitamin D in the gastrointestinal tract, such as inflammatory bowel disease and malabsorption.
  • Having milk allergies or lactose intolerance.
  • It has a dark skin tone.
  • Old age.
  • Having excess weight or obesity.
  • Take certain drugs, such as anticonvulsant drugs or HIV treatment.
  • Have a vegetarian diet.

Signs K lack Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency can be experienced by anyone, including infants, children, and adults. Although generally do not have specific symptoms, there are some signs and symptoms that can arise when the body lacks vitamin D.

On b ayi and a kid

Babies and children who are deficient in vitamin D can show the following symptoms:

  • Hard to breathe.
  • Cramps and muscle spasms.
  • Slower growth.
  • Late teething and walking.
  • Bone pain.

In addition to the above symptoms, the shape of a bent leg can be a sign that a child is deficient in vitamin D. Easily attacked by the disease can also indicate that a child has vitamin D deficiency because this vitamin deficiency can weaken the body's resistance.

In adults

In adults, vitamin D deficiency is usually characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Often experience muscle aches, back pain, and bone pain.
  • The bones are brittle or break easily, even though they don't experience severe injuries.
  • Infection easily, such as the flu.
  • The body is easily tired or prolonged fatigue.
  • Bad mood, or showing symptoms of depression.
  • Wounds that are difficult to heal.
  • Hair loss.

Some of the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency above can resemble the signs and symptoms of other diseases. To be sure, a doctor's examination is required. Doctors can do a blood test to determine the level of vitamin D in the body.

The danger of Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency cannot be considered trivial. Because this condition can increase a person's risk of experiencing a number of health problems.

 Vitamin D deficiency can cause impaired bone growth and strength. Usually marked by bent leg bones. In children, this condition is called rickets, whereas, in adults, it is called osteomalacia.

In addition to bone disorders, vitamin D deficiency is also known to increase the risk of several diseases, such as:

  • Osteoporosis.
  • Arthritis.
  • Infectious diseases, such as pneumonia, sepsis, and tuberculosis.
  • Depression
  • Headaches and migraines.
  • Dementia.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity
  • Cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, heart failure, and heart disease.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Hair loss.
  • Cancer, such as breast cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer.

Pregnant women who lack vitamin D intake run the risk of experiencing a number of pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and preterm birth, and a high risk of cesarean delivery.

Ways to Meet Vitamin D Needs

Adequate daily intake of vitamin D can keep bones strong and healthy, and prevent various diseases due to lack of this vitamin. The method is by:

  • Consuming foods rich in vitamin D, such as cow's milk, soy milk, yogurt, eggs, and fish oil. Seafood, such as sardines and tuna, is also a good source of vitamin D for consumption.
  • Bask in the morning sun for 20-30 minutes, at least twice a week.
  • Take vitamin D supplements, if needed.

However, it should be remembered that the intake of vitamin D needs to be consumed as needed. Because vitamin D is a type of fat-soluble vitamin, excess vitamin D will be accumulated in the body. As a result, over time vitamin D poisoning can occur.

To find out the exact dosage and use of vitamin D supplements and according to your health condition, you should consult a doctor.

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