Everyone, from children to the elderly , can experience trembling hands , generally due to fatigue, cold, anger, or fear . However, this complaint should not be underestimated if it often occurs or is accompanied by other symptoms .
Elderly people often experience trembling hands, for example when pouring drinks or about to reach certain objects. This symptom can indeed be a sign of normal aging that occurs normally.
But on the other hand, trembling hands risk becoming an early symptom of a more dangerous disease. In severe cases, trembling hands can be a sign of neurological disorders related to degenerative diseases , such as Parkinson's disease.
Trembling hands are generally caused by a disturbance in the brain that controls body movements. This unconscious and unwanted movement can be mild or severe, temporary or chronic, depending on the underlying cause.
Dangerous Behind Hands ShakingTrembling hands that persist, or are often felt to indicate certain diseases or conditions, such as:
- Essential tremor , which is trembling on the part of the body when it wants to be moved. Tremor on the hand generally occurs in the hands that are often used, but can also occur in both. The cause and treatment are not yet known.
- Parkinson's disease , a chronic disease that interferes with brain function and coordination of body movements. Tremor in Parkinson's disease actually occurs when the patient is silent or when the muscle is not being used, and decreases when the patient moves.
- Dystonia .
- Low blood sugar levels.
- Overactive thyroid gland.
- Multiple sclerosis , which is a disorder of the nervous system, brain and spine, which affects body movements.
- Peripheral neuropathy , which is damage to the peripheral nervous system.
- Brain tumor.
- Huntington's disease .
- Poisoning of certain substances, such as mercury, carbon monoxide and manganese.
- Excess consumption of caffeine and alcohol.
- Side effects of consuming certain drugs, such as antipsychotic drugs, asthma, amphetamines and corticosteroids.
Although trembling hands in Parkinson's disease have distinctive characteristics that can be distinguished from essential tremors, the symptoms of both diseases can worsen over time if they are not immediately treated.
Besides the hands, people with essential tremors can experience tremors in other limbs, such as the eyelids, lips, head, arms, or vocal cords. This essential tremor can be genetic.
Trembling Diagnosis and HandlingSymptoms of mild hand shaking, or not caused by disease, generally can improve on their own. This applies to trembling hands due to stress, cold, fatigue, or consumption of caffeine and alcohol.
Trembling hand complaints need to be watched out and immediately consult a doctor if:
- Getting worse, even while resting.
- Prolonged, severe, or already very disturbing daily activities.
- Accompanied by other symptoms, such as weakness, headache, abnormal tongue movements, muscles stiffen, or movements that cannot be controlled appear.
To ascertain the diagnosis and find the cause, the doctor will carry out a physical examination with support, such as blood and urine tests, CT scan , MRI, electromyography or EMG (muscle nerve examination), and EEG (electrical examination of the brain).
After the diagnosis of trembling hands is determined, the doctor will provide treatment according to the cause. Whereas to alleviate complaints of shaking or tremor in the hands, doctors can provide propanolol beta-blockers , anticonvulsants , tranquilizers, or botox injections. If the complaint does not improve with treatment, the doctor may recommend surgery.