Lung cancer is a condition in which cells grow uncontrollably in the lungs (the organ that functions to spread oxygen into the blood when breathing and removing carbon dioxide when sighing). Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer.
Even so, lung cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer. This condition mostly affects active and passive smokers. In the early stages, there are no clear signs or symptoms of lung cancer . But then symptoms such as coughing continuously to experiencing coughing up blood , always feeling out of breath, fatigue for no reason, and weight loss will appear.
People with Lung Cancer in Indonesia
Based on WHO data, lung cancer is one of the types of cancer that most often attacks Indonesian men. Based on data from Globocan or the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2012, there were 25,322 cases of lung cancer in Indonesia in Indonesia and 9,374 cases of women.
The results of research at 100 hospitals in Jakarta showed that lung cancer was the most cases of cancer in men, and number four in women. The incidence of lung cancer is quite low at the age of 40 years, and is increasing until the age of 70 years.
Existing Types of Lung Cancer
There are two types of primary lung cancer based on their cell type, namely small-cell lung cancer / SCLC and non-small lung cell cancer . Non-small cell lung cancer is four times more likely than small cell lung cancer.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) usually only affects heavy smokers and spreads faster than non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
People Who Are At Risk for Lung Cancer
Smoking can be said to be the main cause of lung cancer. People who are most at risk of developing lung cancer are active smokers. About 85 percent of lung cancers are associated with smoking habits. Even so, that does not mean every smoker will get lung cancer. In addition, people who do not smoke are also likely to develop lung cancer, although it is lower in number.
In addition to cigarettes, several other causes of lung cancer are breathing arsenic, radiation, and air pollution. Lung cancer is also more common in people who are elderly.
Treatment of lung cancer
There are several factors that influence the methods of treatment and treatment that are performed to treat lung cancer, namely:
- How severe is the spread of cancer.
- Patient's health condition.
- Types of cancer suffered.
Surgery to remove cancer can be done if the cancer cells have not spread widely to other parts of the body. If the health condition does not allow for surgical removal, other methods of treatment can be applied. The process of destruction of cancer cells by means of radiotherapy can be carried out.
Lung cancer generally does not cause symptoms before the cancer cells spread to large parts of the lungs or other body parts. Healing depends on the spread of cancer and when the cancer diagnosis is known. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the possibility of treatment to succeed is also higher.